Class Reflection on WTE Field Trip
Name one thing that you learned at WTE. We’ll make a list as a class here.
- There are multiple colors of ink for the newspaper that have to be layered properly.
- The size of the printing press was impressive: it took 2 ships and 20 semi trucks to deliver the printing press from Germany.
- There are special technicians that are experts on the printing press in case it needs maintenance.
- There are only 3 of the WTE-type printing presses in the US. There are about 11 of them in the world.
- The managing editor assigns individual reporters to specific “beats” (e.g., education, sports, features).
- The WTE printing press also prints other regional papers, such as the Laramie Boomerang and The Greeley Tribune (in Greeley Colorado).
- The printing press and the editors/reporters are seemingly working 24 hours a day to keep the news cycle going.
- The WTE keeps an archival library of every daily WTE newspaper that has been printed.
- The WTE prints their own newspaper as well as flyers, advertisements, and other paid media materials.
- The printing press speed was impressive.
Multimedia: Editing in Photoshop and Top Cheyenne Photos
Editing in Photoshop
While we will use Photoshop during class, if you do not have access off-campus to Photoshop, then consider using Google’s free photo editing software, Picasa, or another popular open-sourced application, GIMP. Any others?
Cropping: Crop to ensure that only one clear subject exists. You can crop to ensure the photo fits a certain aspect ratio (e.g., 150 pixels height by 350 pixels width). The Crop tool is located on the toolbar.
Resizing: Sometimes, you’ll need to resize your photo in order to make it fit a certain area. You can go to Image –> Image Size. There is an option to keep the constrain proportions option checked.
Image Adjustments: Go to Image –> Adjustments and you’ll find several options. My favorites are Brightness/Contrast, Levels, and Color Balance. Play around with them to get the look you want to achieve, without over-doing it and changing the essence of the photo. You can also make an image Black and White here.
Dodge/Burn: The Dodge Tool looks like a lollipop icon in the toolbar and can be used to lighten specific areas of your photo. Right-click on the Dodge Tool and you’ll find a Burn Tool to darken areas of the photo. This tool is appropriate for photojournalists to improve the lightness of a specific part of a photo. However, be sure not to go too far with this tool and alter the photo completely.
Clone Stamp: The Clone Stamp looks like a stamp icon in the toolbar and can be used to clone a specific area of the photo. You can then paste the cloned area to another part of the photo. This is not a very appropriate tool for photojournalists because you may clone a person or object into the photo, which is not a good idea. It may be helpful if you plan on going into strategic communication though.
Spot Healing Brush: This looks like a BandAid. It can correct small blemishes in your photo, such as stains on shirts, red eye, and strange light reflections. For photojournalism, the use of this tool is not recommended unless your editor gives you permission. Otherwise, this tool is useful for cleaning up portraits and creating strategic communication visuals.
Resolution: Publishing photos for the web is different than publishing photos for printing. You don’t need as large of an image resolution for the web. Therefore, when saving your edited photo in Photoshop, go to File –> Save for Web & Devices. You have the option of choosing a resolution that is appropriate for the web. It doesn’t need to be more than 72 pixels per inch.
Just because you can edit your photos, doesn’t mean that you should. If you’re engaging in photoJOURNALISM, You want to capture the photo in a way that does not require editing. However, if you do edit, be sure you follow good common sense and do not go past the ethical boundaries of photojournalism.
Let’s download and post our 5-10 favorite Cheyenne Photos. Feel free to use your Flickr account and make a slideshow, or you can just post 5-10 photos to your blog.
News and Entertainment Use (see handout)
— Survey —
— Discussion of Survey Results in Groups of 2: What are your reactions? How can we improve this? —
Activity: Determining News from Opinion and Entertainment
Nowadays, there are so many media options, it’s hard to keep track of them. Let’s make a list of news outlets, opinion outlets, and entertainment outlets.
Questions to consider:
- What makes a media outlet or media message categorized as “news”? as “opinion”? as “entertainment”?
- Can a media message still be considered news if it is bias or slanted toward one opinion?
- Are all media outlets either liberal or conservative slanted? What is Fox News? MSNBC? CNN? Your local newspaper or TV station? What is HuffPost? NPR? The New York Times?
- Let’s go to these websites and see how issues and stories are framed.
- Can entertainment be considered “news” if it informs people and makes people laugh at the same time?
News, Opinion, or Entertainment? Which one? Let’s look at some trending news stories on popular news websites and see if we can tell.
Your turn. Now go online and find the articles that represent the following:
- Straight, balanced hard news
- Slanted, opinionated hard news
- Entertaining news
- Pure entertainment
Class Discussion & Blog Post: News & Entertainment Use
- Current Events News Quiz: How well or poorly did you do? How do you feel about that?
- Analyze your News and Entertainment Use: When you see your survey results on paper, how do you feel?
- Your News Diet
- What is news to you?
- Name what sources you get your news from. Why do you use these news sources? Why do you trust your news sources? Is the news you consume slanted or bias in any way?
- How often do you talk to other people about the news? Who do you talk to? What do you talk about?
- What improvements to your news diet can you make?
- Your Entertainment Diet
- What are your favorite entertainment sources? For example, TV shows, websites, movies, books, gaming, etc. Why do you use these entertainment sources?
- How much time do you spend with entertainment? Does it interfere with other aspects of your life, like your social life or academic life?
- To what extent do your parents regulate your exposure to entertainment? Are they more lenient now than in the past because you’re in high school now?
— My Thoughts —
Young people need to know what is going on in the greater world around them. Being more aware of news around the world, nation, state, and local community makes you a more informed, well-rounded, intelligent, and understanding person. It also improves your grades in school and gives you a better chance at getting a good job.