Go to WyoCourses to take Quiz 1.
After the quiz, we will have a brainstorming session.
Go to WyoCourses to take Quiz 1.
After the quiz, we will have a brainstorming session.
Photojournalism is our window to the world around us. A picture is worth a 1,000 words.
The purpose of photojournalism is to capture the people and events that make the news. Photojournalism can supplement a text story or can serve as a stand-alone story.
We remember news stories in images because they are powerful and emotional.
Photographers have the power to frame the narrative surrounding complex issues, people, current events, and more. The media has a lot of control and influence over what issues the public discusses and how the public visualizes these issues.
For example, research shows that if we can more easily visualize a particular risk, then we are more likely to over-estimate the chance of that risk materializing in our own lives. Is it easier to visualize a terrorist attack or cardiovascular disease? Because it’s easier to visualize a terrorist attack, we tend to over-estimate this risk compared to the cardiovascular disease risk. And this impacts what our nation, politicians, and society focuses on in terms of money, resources, and attention.
Bottom line: Visuals are powerful.
The following categories are defined by the National Press Photographer’s Association (NPPA) and included in the Best of Photography competitions. The College Photographer of the Year (CPOY) Awards also use these categories.
Feature (Enterprise): A photograph of a ‘found situation’ that features strong human interest elements, or a fresh view of an everyday scene. A picture that uses humor or focuses on the lighter side of life is well suited for this category. Examples
Portrait: A single photograph that captures a unique aspect of a local figure’s character and personality. Examples
Sports Action: A peak action picture that captures the spirit of a sports competition—either on the part of an individual or an athletic team. Examples
Sports Feature: A sports-related feature picture that depicts the jubilation of victory or the agony of defeat. The event covered should be separate from the game action or outside of the field of play. Examples
General News: Recognizing that much of the daily news coverage is planned in advance, we seek to reward outstanding achievement based on creativity and timing at organized events such as general meetings, promotional events and staged coverage opportunities. Examples
Spot News: An event that is not planned, so the photographer must react on instinct and news judgment. This picture may be of a breaking news event, or a part of issue coverage. Examples
Domestic Picture Story: This is a series of photographs surrounding the same event, person, or idea. The photographs tell a story with detailed paragraph-length captions and powerful photos. These photo stories have even more power to influence the frame, perspective, and tone applied to the event, person, or idea. As we look at these examples, think about an alternative frame, perspective, or tone that could be applied to these examples and become equally as powerful. Example 1 and Example 2
The creative devices tips still apply to photojournalism. Other helpful hints are found below.
According to the President Emeritus of the NPPA Alicia Wagner Calzada, photojournalists must live up to a high standard because ethics are “what sets us apart from art and advertising.”
She notes that when journalists are reporting, they should not cave-in to pressure from people who ask, “what do you want me to do?” Journalists should instruct people to continue their behavior as if they were not present.
Photojournalism is capturing history the way that the stories actually unfolded. You are telling the story with images. You are not supposed to manipulate the story. These are reasons why there is a code of ethics.
Copied from the NPPA Code of Ethics
Following ethics codes is about establishing and maintaining the trust of our audience. The cases below illustrate when that trust was broken.
For the next two weeks, we’ll be working on photography and photojournalism. While it is great to have an expensive digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera, it is not necessary for this class. We can still take great photos with our smartphones and point-and-shoot cameras.
First things first, we’ll learn about the basics of photography and forever-useful creative devices.
Good photojournalism begins with understanding basic composition and design principles. Here’s some easy ways to improve your shots.
Steady Does It: Hold the camera steady by digging your elbows into your chest, placing your elbows on something, using two hands, or leaning against a wall.
Move Around and Get Closer: You need to constantly be moving around to get a variety of good shots. Go on your stomach, your knees, a ladder, or chair. Change your position and your angle. Don’t be afraid to get very close to your subjects.
Use Vertical Shots: Don’t always shoot horizontals, be sure you use vertical shots as well.
Pick A Focal Point: The automatic focus on point-and-shoot does a good job at focusing on what you desire, but it is sometimes limiting to work with. So, when you want to focus on something very close and want to blur the background, you can use the “macro” function on your camera (if it has one).
Light: Natural light provided by the sun is the best light to shoot in. If there is bright sunlight and you’re shooting people who are facing the sun, they may squint and shadows may be cast on their faces. Be sure to avoid those shadows by moving around to find the best angle. If there is bright sunlight and people have the sun behind them, their faces will be dark. You can compensate by using a flash. Noon and mid-day sunlight is typically bad sunlight for photography. Sunrise and sunset light is better. But, partly sunny days provide the best light because it is much softer on skin.
Get into a group of 2-3 students.
Review the The New York Times Lens photography blog.
Talk about each photo that you examine in terms of the creative devices used in the photo.
Discuss how the photographer may have captured this photo. What were the potential challenges in capturing the photo?
Discuss the messages that the photograph is communicating. If a “picture is worth a thousands words”, then what words are being communicated? –> We will talk more about this in Wednesday’s class.
If you shoot people, then get names and put them in captions. [Many students neglect this. You NEED names. Unless the person is too far away or completely unrecognizable in the photo.]
A well-written caption adds value and context to the image instead of merely describing the contents of the photo. Consider including information that goes beyond the obvious.
If you capture an event, then who are the key players in the photo and event? When was the event held? What was the purpose of the event? Where was the event held? Why should the viewer care?
If you capture a portrait or photo of a person, tell the viewer more about the person or context of the photo.
(Example of a caption with a person in the photo) Kristen Landreville teaches the Multimedia Production class at the University of Wyoming on Monday morning. She is a professor of communication and journalism and is in her eighth year at UW.
(Example of a caption without a person in the photo) New fallen snow shimmers on the frozen ground of Prexy’s Pasture on Monday. This February has been one of the warmest on recent record, according to the National Weather Service.
Allow me to introduce myself, my name is Courtney Kudera and I am the new Editor-in-Chief of Frontiers magazine published by student media. This year’s theme is ‘Bridging the Gap’. I hope to encompass all lovers of the outdoors in this semesters magazine, from hunters to hikers, and landowners to naturalists. I want this year’s magazine to be a home for all, including some creative pieces.
Currently, Frontiers Magazine is searching for creators and outdoor enthusiasts to be editors, writers, photographers, and artists for the magazine.
If you are interested, there will be an informational meeting next Tuesday, the 13th, at 6:30 in the Beta House. There will be free pizza and all the details about the magazine. Please feel free to contact me with any questions at email@example.com.
Hope to see you Tuesday!
The Department of Communication & Journalism seeks proposals from students for a $5,000 stipend for a photojournalism project called the Larsh Bristol Photojournalism Fellowship.
The stipend will be awarded through a competitive process that is open to all students at UW. The guidelines for the proposals are quite broad because the benefactors who endowed the fund wish to be able to attract proposals that will include a diversity of interests.
The stipend is funded in the memory of Larsh Bristol. Bristol was a UW graduate in journalism who worked at a number of Wyoming newspapers after graduation before finally settling in his home area of Northeast Iowa. He earned a strong reputation for chronicling life along the upper Mississippi and for his photographic portrayals of human emotion.
For his project, the first recipient of the award, Joe Riis, documented the migration of pronghorn in Wyoming. He is now a contributing photographer for National Geographic and photography fellow at the Wyoming Migration Initiative.
Following Bristol’s interest in Photojournalism, the basic guidelines for the project are:
The deadline for proposals is March 21, 2018. Proposals should be submitted to Cindy Price Schultz, Dept. of Communication & Journalism, University of Wyoming. All photos and text that are submitted must be hard copies. Electronic submissions will not be accepted. Proposals should include the following:
For more information, contact Price Schultz at firstname.lastname@example.org.
BECAUSE THIS IS THE 10TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE AWARD, A MEMORIAL BANQUET IS BEING PLANNED TO RECOGNIZE ALL FORMER AND CURRENT WINNERS IN FALL 2018. THEREFORE, PROPOSALS THAT WILL BE COMPLETED IN SUMMER 2018 WILL BE GIVEN PRIORITY FOR SELECTION.
OK, OK, you now have those tips drilled into your head. What’s next to know about writing for multiple platforms? Well, it’s important to understand reading trends.
There are three types of readers. You need to write for all three in a story.
Keep your mind on these requirements and best practices while reporting and writing:
We will be writing our stories and peer editing our stories. Ideally, you would use class time on Wed. Feb. 7 and Fri. Feb. 9 for finishing writing your story, with having questions prepared for me. You shouldn’t be just starting to write your story on Mon. Feb. 5. Make the most of your time with these in-class workdays and be prepared.
Have a draft ready for Wed. Feb. 7 at 9 a.m. We will be peer editing each other’s work.
As always, ask questions if you have anything that you’re confused about or not sure what to do. Best of luck!
I will spend a few minutes speaking with you about your story angles and sources.
If you have a concrete angle and sources that you want to pitch, please write your name on the board.
If you don’t have a concrete angle that you want to pitch yet, then please use this time to really focus and brainstorm on a good angle and sources.
First, let’s review the Blog Post 2 – Journalistic Web Story
Today will we remember the groundwork — the basics — of journalism.
All of you have some experience with these basics from COJO 2100 (Media Writing). It never hurts to refresh our memories about some key concepts of journalism, writing, and reporting.
Brainstorming for news ideas and finding your story focus can be difficult. But, it is necessary before you jump into a story.
What would you rather read about? (1) Student stress during finals week or (2) How a student organization offers massage, pet therapy, comedian performances, and healthy food during finals week to ease stress?
I bet story #2.
Story #2 has a strong angle, where story #1 is a general, vague topic.
I want you to write a story with a strong, specific angle.
We will get into groups of 2-3 students. I will give you a manner in which to brainstorm (from the list above). You need to think of a story angle using that manner. Then, we will share ideas!
Understand the importance, significance, and gravity of your role in media content creation: You are responsible for the manner in which real people and real issues are portrayed to a public audience. Take that role VERY SERIOUSLY.
All content that you create needs to be fact-checked, accurate, fair, thoughtful and critically/purposefully executed.
We do not want to perpetuate stereotypes about groups of people, especially if the issue addresses sensitive, controversial, value-laden, or political topics. We want to be very mindful about how we report upon various people and issues.
Think critically about who you interview and why you are interviewing that particular person. We should work to include voices of multiple perspectives and people in our story.
Get comfortable interviewing people different than you and reporting on their perspectives and experiences with fairness, objectivity, respect, and open-mindedness (e.g., you will need to interview people who are different than you in terms of gender, race, age, ability, economic status, background, geographic origin, religiosity, or values).
Below are six beats. Story topics are below beats. Now, we will get into groups and you will be given a beat. Your goal is to think of at least one story angle associated with that beat and find three concrete sources for the angle that you pick. We will share ideas after the short brainstorming session.
Arts & Entertainment
Recreation & Sports
Health, Wellness, & Safety
First, it’s important to know that there are different types of blogs. Let’s visit these examples to see how people in our field are using blogs.
Most major news organizations have journalist-authored blogs. For example, The New York Times has a large directory of journalist-authored blogs. My personal favorite is the LENS blog of photojournalism.
And, many (if not most) of major corporations have an online presence that includes the blog-like format as a public relations strategy (e.g., Nike does a good job at updating content and Olive Garden hasn’t updated some content in more than a year).
For your blog, you’ll be posting your class assignments here to showcase your journalistic work, but I strongly encourage you to also post your thoughts, comments, goals, brainstorming ideas, etc. on your blog to practice your online writing skills and showcase your media work.
To be more successful with your media career, you need to create a brand for yourself by working hard at creating solid media stories. Let’s read to some branding principles.
Part of creating a brand, or a good reputation, is to know how to showcase your stellar ideas and high-quality professional work. So, feel free to post other professional material or thoughts to your blog, in addition to your required assignments for class.
So think of your blog as like a continually updated “live” resume and portfolio. Google yourself right now. What website pops up first? If you post to your blog frequently, then your blog may pop up first (which is what you want). You want employers to find your blog when they Google you. So keep updating it!
And you may want to connect your blog to your greater online presence. Post the blog link to your profiles on Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, and any other online presence you have.
IMPORTANT: To log in to your WordPress blog, you can visit your blog url plus a “/wp-admin” at the end of the url. For example, to edit my blog, I go to “http://uwyojournalism.com/wp-admin”. Alternatively, you can sign in through WordPress.com.
Last points: If you need any help setting up your blog and I’m not available for question, then try an online tutorial.
Take this note card. Fill it out with:
1. Your name.
2. What you like to be called.
3. Your major.
4. The type of media content that you’re most excited to learn about and why. Options:
5. The thing that you’re most anxious or not excited about with this class.
We’ll use this class blog to post course materials and students’ work. Course materials include assignment guidelines, rubrics, and the syllabus. See our page, COJO 3530: Spring 2018 on the top bar.
We will also use WyoCourses for grades and quizzes, in addition to the assignment instructions and rubrics.
Plus, I require YOU to keep a blog, so I should keep one as well for our class.
Let’s find out! Here’s a little taste of the early storytelling process.
Active Learning Activity:
Let’s get started. First, a news quiz. Let’s see how much you know about local, state, national, and international current events. And no peeking for answers on the Internet. Go to WyoCourses and look for the News Quiz (not graded for points).
In this class, you’ll begin to learn the basic skills that are needed to succeed in multimedia communication. I say “communication” in addition to “journalism” because I strongly believe that even if you aren’t a journalism major, you will learn from this class. If your career interests lie in public relations, marketing, advertising, or public affairs, you will learn key skills in multimedia that will help you get a job.
Now, let’s take time to review the syllabus and ask me any questions.
In order to promote your media career, I require students to maintain a professional blog throughout the semester. You can show potential employers your multimedia work through this platform. Please visit former COJO 3530 student blogs (see left-hand column) for ideas about your own blog. You’ll also see what kind of storytelling that you’ll be engaging in during the semester.
So let’s set up your WordPress blog now. You need to submit your Blog Post 1 and About Page Setup by next Mon. Jan. 29.
***A Word of Advice: Proofread your writing. Like, seriously proofread. Writing that has spelling, grammar, typographical (e.g., typing a word twice or writing “if” instead of “it”), or capitalization errors (e.g., writing “i like news”) is not “A” work (see the grading rubric–a “B” is the highest grade you can get if any of these errors is made). Your multimedia story may be fantastic, but if your blog post writing has any of these errors, you lose credibility with your audience. Thus, I read your writing VERY carefully, and I’m always looking for these errors. Don’t make them, please. ***